All about mushrooms

Value of Fungi

Tuesday, July 8th, 2008

The decision as to which mushroom should be considered the tastiest and best for cooking is in the final analysis a question of your personal choice.

However, a nearly perfect mushroom flavor can be achieved by blending together several species of edible mushrooms, such as the range of Boleti. Though mushrooms are more of a delicacy than a regular food, nutritional value must not be under-estimated. They play an important yet traditional role in a variety of dishes. As such they present a supplementary food additive, which fulfils an important biological and health-protecting fimetion.

However, the number of mushroom species which can be sold on the open market is dependent on the approval and recognition. In Europe, this number of mounts to about 70 edible species. These include all the good the mushrooms which .grow in European forests; all can he freely sold with the exception of Russula species, which can be confused with some poisonous species and as a result it has been deemed inadvisable to allow them to be offered for sale.

Destroying Angel Mushroom

Thursday, July 3rd, 2008

The Destroying Angel (Amanita virosa) is another poisonous mushroom, although quite a rare species, which is distinguished from the other type of Death Cap (A. phalloides ssp. yam) by its sharp club-shaped cap and frayed stipe. It grows predominantly in mountain forests on a limestone subsoil. It is as potentially dangerous as the Death Cap and its fruit-bodies contain another type of toxin called virosin, whose toxic effects can be compared with those of amanitoxins. It should also be mentioned that amanitoxins are present in some other fungi, which are not necessarily related to the Amanita genus. These poisonous substances were in clusters on rotten wood. It can quite easily be mistaken for the edible mushroom Kuehneromyces mutabilis.

Experiments have proved that although high temperatures lessen the virulence of the poison, they do not destroy the toxic substances. Finally the character of the Death Cap arises during which the poison fully penetrates the blood stream so that any late stomach-pumping is ineffective.

Phalloidin attacks the liver cells and acts very quickly; in fact, within 15 minutes it can cause cellular changes. A fatal dose is about 1 milligram to each kilogram of’, the body-weight of a human being.

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