Archive for September, 2008

Cinnamon Production

Tuesday, September 30th, 2008

Cinnamon may be propagated by seeds or vegetatively. As the fruits are avidly eaten by birds, it is usually necessary to bag the fruits to protect them from depredation. The fruits are usually kept in heaps pulp rots; the seeds are then washed and dried in the shade. The seeds should be planted as soon as possible as viability is quickly reduced. Kannan and Balakrishnan n India sowed freshly harvested seed daily for the first seven days and weekly for seven weeks thereafter. The highest rate of germination of 94 per cent was obtained by sowing the third day after the seeds were harvested.

The other main cinnamon area is the Galle and Matara Districts of the Southern Province, where the lateritic gravelly soil of the low country produces more rapid growth, but the bark obtained is somewhat thicker and coarser than that of the Negombo District. Rocky and stony ground is unsuitable. Waterlogged and marshy areas should be avoided, as they give an undesirable bitter product which is much less aromatic.

Chinese cassia (Cinnamomum cassia Presl)

Monday, September 29th, 2008

Cassia, also known as cassia lignea or Chinese cinnamon, is said to be one of the oldest of spices. It was known in China as long ago as 27 B.C., in Egypt in the seventeenth century B.C., and it is said to have been familiar to all the people of the Mediterranean area at an early date. These statements are open to doubt and there is probably some confusion with some other bark.

C. cassia is an evergreen tree, aromatic in all its parts, which resembles C. verwn, but is larger in size. It reaches a height of 18 m with a girth of 1.5 m when left uncut. The bark is grey and smooth and is thick in the adult tree. The leaves are oblong-elliptic, dark shiny green, about 15 cm long and 7.5 cm wide, with 3 prominent nerves from the base, borne on short, thick petioles. The flowers in a lax spreading panicle are small and are borne in a cymose arrangement of threes on short pedicels. The panicles, which are terminal and axillary, have long peduncles.

Tips on Cinnamon Bark Oil

Sunday, September 28th, 2008

Cinnamon bark oil is a pale-yellow liquid possessing the delicate aroma of the spice and a sweet and pungent taste. Its major constituent is cinnamaldehyde, but other components present in minor or trace quantities impart the characteristic odour and flavour which distinguishes this oil from other Cinnamomum bark oils. These components include eugenol, eugenol acetate and small amounts of aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, esters and terpenes. Arctander (1960) attributes the powerful characteristic notes of good oils to the presence of methyl-namylketone together with other, aldehydes and ketones. However, detailed studies of the relationship of the oil composition to its organoleptic properties have not been reported in the literature.

Collaborative studies between the Imperial Institute and the Seychelles ‘Agricultural Department to improve the quality of the product showed that the cinnamaldehyde content was similar to that of Sri Lankan bark oil but the eugenol content could range from 2 to 8 per cent – usually 3 to 5 per cent. Camphor was not identified in the oil in these investigations.

Cinnamaldehyde was identified as the major constituent of Sri Lankan cinnamon bark oil by Dumas and Peligot (1834, 1835), and more detailed analyses of the oil composition were undertaken later by chemists of the Schimmel Co. (1892c) and by Walbaum and Huthig (1902).

Information on Heating Dahlia Greenhouse

Saturday, September 27th, 2008

Heating by means of oil heaters is comparatively widely practised, and in a small greenhouse there is a lot to be said in favour of this method. There are however a number of disadvantages. If a high temperature is maintained the cost, although much less than electrical heating, is higher per cubic foot of space than the boiler system. Then too this form of heating, as it relies upon a supply of oxygen for combustion, has a very serious drying effect on the air; this can be minimised by using water trays, but it is not easy to maintain a buoyant atmosphere even when these are used.

On the other hand, the temperature is automatically controlled by a thermostat, so that very little attention is required, and certainly no stoking, which can be a somewhat unpleasant task on a cold night. Of all the various electrical systems available probably the most useful is that based on a water circulatory system, as there is some small reserve of heat should the current fail and, in addition, the drying effect on the air in the greenhouse is not so marked as in the normal radiant type.

What is the History of Cinnamon

Friday, September 26th, 2008

Cinnamon and cassia are said to be among the oldest of spices, but evidence concerning them is somewhat confused. When they became essential ingredients in the embalming process, cassia and cinnamon were imported to Egypt from China and Southeast Asia. He tells of the expedition mounted by Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt about 1485 B.C. to bring myrrh trees from the land of Punt on the East African coast.

In addition to bringing back thirty-one myrrh trees, the ships returned laden with other precious commodities, including cinnamon. This was obviously impossible as no Cinnamotnum spp. occur in Africa.

The Chalais, the caste to which the peeling and preparation of cinnamon bark is now restricted in Ceylon, are said to have emigrated from India in the thirteenth century.

Similarly, the story of Shen Nung, the legendary founder of Chinese medicine, who is alleged to have mentiond cassia in a herbal of 2700 B.C., is open to doubt, as there was no written Chinese language at that time. There is an authentic record of the use of cassia (kwei) in a written work of the fourth century B.C. from China.

Dahlia Pot Tubers

Thursday, September 25th, 2008

Most growers use plants surplus to planting requirements for this purpose. It is a most useful way of utilising either early struck cuttings which have become pot bound, or late struck cuttings which are unlikely to produce flowers before the frosts. It is advisable to put aside at least one or two plants for this purpose just in case anything does go wrong with the large tubers.

If neither frame, substitute frame, nor space in the garden can be found, a bed can be made up on a pathway or concrete surround by standing loose bricks on their narrow side to form a rough rectangle, of the required area.

This show is, of course, staged by the National Dahlia Society, which is the premier society catering for the dahlia in the British Isles, with members in England, Scotland, Wales and both Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic.

Among its activities it makes available all known information on the dahlia, gives advice to members and affiliated societies, maintains a national register of judges and lecturers and co-operates with similar societies in other countries. Covering, as it does, an extremely wide area, there is a Northern Committee, which looks after the main interests of members north of the Trent, organising at least one provincial show, and staffing bureaux at the bigger Northern shows.

What you need to have an unwinding garden – Garden Chairs

Wednesday, September 24th, 2008

If you want a nice relaxing garden then you should consider buying some garden furniture to ensure your garden is stylish and comfortable. You can find garden furniture in a variety of shapes and sizes so you shouldn’t have a problem finding some that’ll suit your needs and tastes. Garden furniture such as chairs, benches, tables and loungers make a garden stylish and very relaxing so you can enjoy it. There are plenty of options available, even for small gardens. Garden furniture is suitable for almost any garden size and shape. If you get yourself some garden furniture you’ll be able to relax in the outdoors and you certainly won’t be disappointed.

The first thing you should consider is where you want your garden furniture. Patios or decking areas are ideal for tables and chairs. Tables and chairs are the centre of entertainment in your garden so are an essential part of garden furniture. Deciding on tables and chairs for your garden can be hard. When it comes to garden furniture you’ll probably want something sleek. There are many styles of tables available such as round tables, square tables, wood tables, metal, glass and various other materials. Once you have decided on a table shape and design then you’ll need to buy chairs. Usually you can buy chairs that match.

Cinnamomum Schaeffer

Tuesday, September 23rd, 2008

The cinnamon plant was introduced into the Seychelles from the East in 1771 by order of Pierre Poivre, who resided in Mauritius, then the Ile de France, and was Intendant of all the French colonies beyond the Cape of Good Hope.

There are some 250 species of Cinnamotnum; Bailey (1949) says more than 50 species, while Brown (1955-6) says about 100. Kostermans (1964) lists 462 binomials, some of which, of course, are synonyms. They are evergreen trees and shrubs found in south-eastern and eastern Asia, through Malesia, to Australia and the Pacific. All the species arc aromatic, the aromas depending on different substances and mixtures of them.

Ironically the vessel was not, after all, a British ship but was a French slaver whose captain, as a precautionary measure against the British had hoisted the British flag.’ However, with a plentiful supply of slaves, the French soon established new plantations, which were then available when the Seychelles eventually passed into British hands in 1815.

How To Choose The Right Koi Pond Filter

Monday, September 22nd, 2008

Hey there and welcome to this article on choosing the right Koi pond filter. This article should tell you why you need a good Koi pond filter and how to choose the correct one for your pond.

As you probably already know when there are lots of Koi in a small area they will move around alot. This will cause the dirt and waste to leave the pond floor which can harm the Koi if it is not filtered out.

When it comes to having Koi in our garden unless you have a huge pond when it gets dirty they will have to swim around in it, but in the wild Koi can swim to a different part of the pond if they need cleaner water, that’s why we need a good Koi pond filter.

When you are buying your Koi pond filter the most important thing you need to consider is the size of your pond.

If you have a very large pond or lake then you wont need to buy a Koi pond filter but if you have a very small pond then you will need a small filter and obviously if you have a large pond you will need a larger filter.

Supporting Dahlia Stems

Sunday, September 21st, 2008

Some giant and some large varieties bear blooms on very long footstalks which are liable to snap from the first joint in high winds.

When staging blooms with thick stems in a comparatively small vase, it is often advisable to remove a tapering slice from the side of some of the stems to enable the sterns to be inserted at the right angle. This will not harm the bloom so long as the cut area is fully submerged.

The John Innes base fertiliser is made up from 2 parts hoof and horn, 2 parts superphosphate of lime, and I part sulphate of potash (all parts by weight) giving an approximate analysis of nitrogen 5.1%, phosphoric acid 7.2%, potash 9.7%. It can be purchased ready made up from most horticultural sundriesmen.

Blooms with a weak neck can often be persuaded to hold their heads at the right angle by tying a pad of material to the end of the supporting cane, forcing this right up under the bud so that the bud cannot drop as the florets open. When placing blooms into water make sure that the lower leaves do not go into the water, as they arc liable to rot.